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Facts About Breast Cancer

As women are at risk of developing breast cancer, they should learn some common facts about breast cancer. In this article, I have tried to share some of the common facts about breast cancer. 

Facts about breast cancer

I hope you guys will find it helpful and my hard work may come to help you to provide some extent of information regarding breast cancer. 

What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer occur when the cells of the breast grow rapidly and it become out of control. These rapid growing cells first form a tumour then it turns to cancer. The malignant stage of breast cancer can spread all over the body if not treated early.

Breast cancer is now the most common cancer occurs in female.

There are many risk factors that lead to cause breast cancer. Women should be aware of such factors to prevent breast cancer.

Risk Factors of Breast Cancer

risk factors of breast cancer

Very common risk factors of breast cancer are –

  • Having a family history of breast cancer.
  • About 5% of breast cancer occurs due to genetic cause.
  • Age is a major risk factor of developing breast cancer. As you older the risk is more.
  • Women who are drug addicted are alcohol consumer have more risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Physically inactive and obese women.
  • Taking hormonal drugs.
  • First pregnancy after 30 years of age.

What Are The Stages of Breast Cancer?

As breast cancer is confirmed through a biopsy report, the doctor will do an extensive research about the stage or the degree of the cancer that will help in determining the right kind of treatment for the patient. Whether the cancer is localized or has metastasized to other parts of the body, it can be identified by staging that entails a variety of screening which include blood test. So what are the stages of breast cancer? Well, take a peek of the following:

Stage 0

This stage is also called as Ductal Carcinoma in situ (DCIS), it signifies that the abnormal cells of the breast duct haven’t spread or metastasized outside or occupied other local tissue. This stage is not yet cancerous but if left untreated, it can develop into cancer.

Stage I

This is the earliest stage of breast cancer. The tumor in this stage is not more than 2 centimeters and the cancerous cells have only affected the breast tissues and is not yet spreading.

Stage II

This may include two features:

  1. The size of the tumor is not beyond 2 centimeter however, the cancer has affected the lymph nodes of the underarm, meaning to say, the cancer is localized.
  2. The size of the tumor is 2-5 centimeter and the cancer has also affected the lymph nodes of the underarm.

Stage III

The stage is further categorized into three:

  1. Stage IIIA – the tumor size is 5 cm in length across and it has spread to the lymph nodes of the underarm. The cancer may either spread to the single or attached underarm lymph nodes or can even extend at the back of the breast bone.
  2. Stage IIIB – the tumor can be of any size that grows on the chest walls or in the skin of the breast forming nodules or lumps. The lymph nodes of the underarm or at the back of the breast bone can be affected too. This stage is where the inflammatory breast cancer also happens in which swelling and redness is prominent.
  3. Stage IIIC – the tumor can also be of any size and it has spread to the underarm lymph nodes, at the back of the breast bone extending to the collarbone lymphatic nodes.

Stage IV

This occurs when breast cancer has metastasized to other organs or parts of the body such as the lungs, liver and bone for instance.

These are the basic stages of breast cancer. So if you think you have the signs and symptoms, better seek the aid of a competent oncologist (Specialized Doctors for Cancer) to determine what stage you are in so that apt treatment can be given to you.

Tips To Prevent Breast Cancer

Until now, the surest way of breast cancer prevention is still unknown but for women, there are ways to help reduce the risk factors. However, if the cancer has occurred, it has been detected early and becomes more treatable.

prevention of breast cancer

You can lessen the risks of breast cancer by taking control of the risk factors that you can change such as weight, diet and physical activities. Work on these following areas:

Do not get yourself overweight. Research has shown that being overweight increases the risk of having breast cancer especially after menopause, the stage where breast cancer happens most. It is essential to avoid getting overweight or obese, maintain a healthy weight by having a body-mass index below 25.

Eat a healthy diet. The healthiest diet is high in fruits and vegetables and low intake of fatty foods, refined carbohydrates and sugared drinks. For foods rich in protein, eat only lean chicken breast or fish and red meat should be in moderation. Also, eat more whole grains and use vegetable oils rather than animal fats.

Exercise. Research has shown that people who are physically active in life, even those who started late reduces the risk of breast cancer by 10-30 percent. The most basic is walking for thirty minutes, five days in a week.

Avoid drinking alcoholic drinks. The use of alcohol will increase the risks of breast cancer especially for women, maximum intake must be once a day.

Why You Cannot Sleep When Having Breast Cancer?

A sleep disorder is common among cancer patients especially for those undergoing treatment and chemotherapy. The information below will tell you why you cannot sleep when having breast cancer.

First, having cancer will develop insomnia. It is reported that 30-50 percent of cancer patients will develop insomnia while other studies reported that the rate is much higher at 75%. Insomnia is a sleeping disorder that keeps you awake. Definitely, cancer patients with insomnia can greatly affect their quality of life and has a negative impact on their treatment that result in an increased risk of mental, physical and health problems.

Second, people with cancer will experience hypersomnia or daytime sleepiness. This results in depression and anxiety because they do not have the right sleep.

Third, women who are undergoing treatment of breast cancer are the most affected and often, they list sleep disorders as the most challenging and distressing experience during chemotherapy. In a study, people who have breast cancer disrupt their circadian rhythms, the biological clock in the body that is in the brain. It is supposed to regulate the normal rhythms of the 24-hour cycle of the body.

During chemotherapy, the biological clock in a cancer patient’s body is out of synchronization especially in the first round of treatment. As the chemotherapy continues, the body has more difficulty in regulating the biological clock.

With this, breast cancer patients during treatment must undergo bright light and cognitive behavior therapies to help them overcome sleep disorders. There therapies are very advantageous to patients and even survivors.

The therapy for cognitive behavior helps patients overcome insomnia because it can teach them to replace the thoughts and behaviors that causes sleep disorders. On the other hand, the therapy of bright light will reset your biological clock that has been disrupted because of the treatment. This results in restoration of healthy sleeping patterns.

Finally, people who have breast cancer must have a strong support system like their families to help them overcome the disease and can motivate to maintain a positive outlook in life. With this, it will be easier for them to pass this ordeal and live a normal life again.

Do not smoke. It is medically proven that excessive smoking will increase the risks of breast cancer. If you are planning or starting with this habit, you must quit as soon as possible.

Breastfeed. Women who are breastfeeding their babies for one year or more reduces the risk of breast cancer later in life.

These are the tips on how to prevent breast cancer. It may sound so basic but these are very vital in living a healthier life and avoid the risks of developing breast cancer.

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